LIVE - follow with Europe1.fr, the "day of departure" from Friday.
One Friday called "day of departure." After the violence on Thursday, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak said in an interview that he would step down but said he feared that his country would plunge into chaos. Hence, this 11th day of mobilization in Cairo to coincide with Friday prayers.
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1445: IFJ demands an immediate end to attacks against journalists. The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), headquartered in Brussels, wrote to the Egyptian Prime Minister Ahmad Chafic to cease their attacks against journalists and that his government is committed to protecting them, she said Friday. "I am writing on behalf of the International Federation of Journalists, representing 164 unions and associations representing 600,000 journalists in protest in the strongest terms against attacks by supporters of your President against journalists covering events in Egypt "said in the letter sent Thursday IFJ President Jim Boumelha.
2:07 p.m.: an attack against the office of Al Jazeera. The Qatari satellite channel Al-Jazeera announced that his office in Cairo had been attacked by unknown men who destroyed his equipment. Sunday, the Egyptian Minister of Information outgoing, Anas el-Fekkai, had ordered the ban on Al-Jazeera, which has extensively covered the uprising against President Hosni Mubarak. The chain had estimated that this decision was aimed at "silencing Egyptian people."
1:52 p.m.: UN calls for investigations into the violence. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay called on Egyptian authorities to investigate "impartial and transparent" about the recent violence in the country. "Violence (...) took place on Wednesday and we have witnessed shocking scenes of opposing groups with Molotov cocktails" and stones, "said Pillay. "Once again, the lack of police was significant and the army has failed to separate the two groups, with tragic consequences," she said. "Investigations must be conducted to determine if the violence was planned, and if so, by whom," he claimed UN officials, insisting: "Such investigations should be made of a transparent and impartial."
1:34 p.m.: armored vehicles, tanks, a helicopter, an impressive safety device is deployed on Tahrir Square, says Francis Clauss, special envoy of Europe 1, Egypt. "Hundreds, perhaps thousands, of armed soldiers were deployed in small side streets," he says. Objective: to contain the protesters and try to avoid clashes between pro and anti-Mubarak.
1:31 p.m.: 15 o'clock, "blindfolded". Stone Barn, TF1 journalist, was detained Thursday by police in civilian clothes in a disused hotel. At the micro Europe 1, he says he was targeted "particularly unpleasant interrogations where they say we are spies and we will have huge problems in their country." The reporter was finally released and the other members of his team.
1:21 p.m.: "The change is underway in Egypt as he came in Tunisia" statement Friday mid-day of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay. She called crossing the country's authorities to listen to the voice of the people.
12:58: The Arab League chief Amr Moussa, has joined the Tahrir Square in the middle of the protesters, a sign of support.
12:19: Silvio Berlusconi, Mubarak must stay during the transition. The president of Italy said Friday that President Hosni Mubarak was a wise man who was to remain in office during the transition period of his country towards democracy. "Hopefully there will be continuity in government," he told reporters. "I hope that in Egypt there may be a transition to a more democratic system without breaking with President Mubarak, who in the West, and above all the United States, is considered the wisest of men and as a reference point, "he said in Brussels where he was for a European summit.
11:39: Teams of doctors blocked. A first planeload of medical supplies sent by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has landed in Cairo, said the organization, regretting that in some cases the medical staff had been prevented from reaching the wounded. "The cargo includes medical first aid kits to treat up to 2,000 wounded and surgical supplies to treat up to 100 serious injuries," a statement said. "We intend to send more medical supplies in the coming days," said Head of the Delegation of the organization in Cairo, Eric Marclay. This assistance will be deployed on site through the Egyptian Red Crescent and the Ministry of Health.
11h20: Khamenei calls for an Islamic regime. The Arab world is experiencing a "Islamic Liberation Movement" and the U.S. will suffer "irreparable loss" in the region, found Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Islamic Revolution in Iran. "The awakening of the people is an Egyptian Islamic Movement of Islamic Liberation, and on behalf of the Iranian government, I salute the people of Egypt and the Tunisian people," he told the faithful gathered at Tehran Friday prayers. Ali Khamenei called on Egyptians and Tunisians to rally around religion and against the West. He urged the Egyptian army to fight against the "Zionist enemy" and not against the protesters.
10:36: Mobinil (France Telecom) "forced" to send SMS from the army. Mobinil, a subsidiary of the Egyptian operator France Telecom (Orange), was "forced to send messages to its customers," but the army was "clearly identified" as a transmitter, said Friday a spokesman for the group . "These messages related only to matters affecting the security of the country and people," we said. France Telecom says "strongly disapprove any messages with political content that would violate neutrality principles enshrined in our role and tradition of communications operator.
10:03: thousands of people Tahrir Square. Hundreds of people began flocking to Tahrir Square in Cairo, where thousands of demonstrators spent the night again for the "Friday of departure" to obtain the immediate resignation of President Hosni Mubarak. Hundreds of people lined up at a military checkpoint to access the site, the epicenter of the controversy since Jan. 25. Everyone was thoroughly searched by soldiers. "We want a second entry," chanted dozens of people converged on the Qasr el-Nil bridge, fearing not being able to access the site before the Friday prayer at noon. Hundreds of people converge on Tahrir Square, where thousands of demonstrators spent the night.
Hundreds of people converge on Tahrir Square, where thousands of demonstrators spent the night. © Al-Jazeera
9:54: Merkel calls for freedom to demonstrate. The Egyptian authorities must ensure events Friday "free and peaceful," said German Chancellor Angela Merkel on his arrival at a summit of European leaders in Brussels.
9:47: The EU calls for dialogue. The head of European diplomacy Catherine Ashton said it was "absolutely essential" that the Egyptian authorities immediately start dialogue with the opposition to end the current crisis.
9:40: The defense minister Tahrir Square. Mohamed Tantawi went on Revolution Square Friday morning. He was joined by military officials, according to a ministerial source.
8:35: "The time for change has come." "It's a huge earthquake," what happens in Egypt, said Israeli filmmaker Amos Gitai on Europe 1. "The time for change has arrived to Mubarak" Has he said. "There is both a democratic option, which is great and the concern of the Iranian model in which there are fundamentalist Muslims," added the director.
0830: no elections immediately. "We can not have elections tomorrow or next month," said the secretary general of the Arab League Amr Moussa, an opponent of Hosni Mubarak. Asked on Europe 1, on the day on Friday and a possible departure of Egyptian President Mubarak qu'Hosni Amr Moussa believes will remain at his post until the end of August. "Last Tuesday, Hosni Mubarak assured, television he had every intention to finish his term as president. But he said he would not stand.
8:37: the Muslim Brotherhood not interested in the presidency. The Muslim Brotherhood did not intend to nominate a candidate for president of Egypt, said Mohamed al-Beltagui, an influential member of this organization, the television channel Al Jazeera. A presidential election is scheduled in September and the head of state Hosni Mubarak, 82 years old and in power since late 1981, announced Tuesday he would not seek another term. "We are ready to participate in negotiations after (late) Mubarak regime," he said. "We have said clearly that we do not have presidential ambitions, nor do we seek positions in a coalition government," added Beltagui, whose organization is officially banned.
7:40: TF1 journalists released. Pressure is mounting on journalists in Egypt. Thursday, three journalists of TF1 have been arrested in Cairo and then released into the night. "They were arrested Thursday morning when they did not turn, they were driving. They were taken blindfolded and then asked," reported Catherine Nayla, director of information at TF1, Europe 1 radio on Friday morning. "They were not molested, or beaten, but he was clearly bullying. They were not alone, there were also journalists from CNN," she adds.