The staff excludes any use of force against demonstrators, called to a giant walking Tuesday. The Vice-Chairman proposed a dialogue with the opposition.
The Egyptian army has row Monday night on the side of the people by formally announcing that it would not fire on the demonstrators, which she considers the claims "legitimate" on the eve of a "march of a million" people expected today in Cairo and Alexandria. "Freedom of expression is guaranteed in a peaceful for all," said an official of the General Staff sent in the early evening at the "great people of Egypt." This statement could be a turning point in the efforts of President Hosni Mubarak to stay in power, facing a challenge that has lasted over a week.
The cabinet reshuffle made by President Mubarak has not calmed the anger of the Egyptians, called to observe a general strike to protest Tuesday and massively. The opposition is counting on the presence of a million people in the streets of Cairo and Alexandria, while rail traffic has been suspended. The mobilization is carried out through word of mouth, the Internet remains blocked and the mobile messaging service disrupted. The Muslim Brotherhood, the main opposition force, advocating the continuation of the protest movement "until the fall of the whole plan" Hosni Mubarak.
On Monday, tens of thousands of protesters again gathered in Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the revolt in Cairo, chanting, "Mubarak outside!" Some people spent the night despite the curfew in force. Around the square, surrounded by tanks, the military controlled the identities of demonstrators without hindering their access.
In the evening Monday, the new vice-president, Omar Suleiman, said in a brief televised address have been charged by Hosni Mubarak to open an immediate dialogue with the opposition "around all issues relating to constitutional reform and legislative, "one of the requirements of the demonstrators.
But for now, changes are still very shy. Most former ministers were reappointed. One notable exception, the interior minister, Habib al-Adli, the demonstrators demanded that the departure was replaced by General Mahmoud Wagdi. Businessmen close to the Rais's son, Gamal Mubarak, the very ambitious, are also absent from a government where they were formerly in force.
The call for an "orderly transition" launched Sunday by the Obama Administration was echoed on Monday by the European Union. In Israel, Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, has raised the specter of an Iranian regime in Egypt where "an organized Islamist movement would gain control of the state" in favor of "chaos".
While the country remains partly paralyzed, some foreign companies have suspended their activities. Banks and the stock market remained closed. Tensions feed fears of disruption of traffic on the Suez Canal.