French researchers have discovered a new variety of mosquito vector of malaria. According to scientists, it would be a new subgroup of Anopheles gambia mosquitoes in recent evolution.Discovered near villages in Burkina Faso 4 years ago, this new type of mosquito may be even more devastating, especially in young African children, the first victims of the disease.
It is the female that transmits the plasmodium (malaria parasite).
According to latest data from the World Health Organization, the rate of malaria has decreased dramatically. In 2009, 781,000 cases were registered against one million in 2000. The majority of deaths from this disease occur in sub-Saharan Africa, affecting mostly young children.