DAKAR - Former Brazilian President Lula, star of the World Social Forum (WSF) on Monday in Dakar, assured that the "dogmas" liberals long imposed on the poorest countries had made "bankruptcy", but his host, Abdoulaye Wade, reasserted itself "in favor of a market economy."
Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, loyal to anti-globalization meetings since the first WSF in Brazil in 2001, delivered a long speech offensive and resolutely optimistic, asserting that "the global economic order is no longer shaped by a few leading economies."
"In South America, but especially in the streets of Tunis and Cairo and many other African cities, revived hopes for a new world. Millions of people are moving against poverty to which they are subject against the rule of tyrants, against submission of their country to great power politics, "he said.
Recalling that Brazil was home to "the second largest black community in the world after Nigeria," he urged Africa to "become aware of its strength" and "great future" that awaited him, with "its 800 million inhabitants, its territory "immense and rich", which could allow him to build his priority "independence in food production."
Too long, rich countries have seen "as peripheral issues and dangerous," he said, but "those who arrogantly gave lessons on how we should manage our economy have not been able to avoid the crisis "," born at the center of global capitalism. "
He assured that, despite everything, the policy implementation in Brazil had "28 million people out of poverty."
Lula, in white shirt, spoke alongside Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade, in a suit and tie. Taking his turn to speak, Wade was clearly presented as a "liberal" faithful to the views of his "master", the British economist John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946).
Aged 83 years and a candidate for a third term in 2012, Wade said, his voice first and then very low energetic he was "not agree" with the anti-globalization, even if shared with them "the idea of changing the world, no doubt, go wrong."
"I am an advocate of market economy and not the state economy that has failed almost everywhere in the world," he argued.
Recalling that he "has long demanded a seat for Africa at the Security Council of the United Nations," He launched the militants present: "if you who are here, you supported this idea, Africa would already be in the Council Security! "
Then he caused a small bronce when he slid: "Since 2000, I am your movement and I always ask myself the question, excuse my frankness is what you have managed to change something" globally?
Faced with an amused Lula, he added: "Mr Lula has completely changed Brazil, everyone knows (...) But internationally, I'm sorry ...".
In the morning, Lula had conversed in Dakar with the French Socialist Martine Aubry, the need for a "new development model".
Moreover, during the many debates of the Forum, NGOs have focused Monday on the "?" Land grab "practiced in Africa by foreign groups and wealthy Africans."
On behalf of Oxfam, the Senegalese Lamine Ndiaye spoke of "the case of a Libyan company which has acquired 200,000 hectares in Mali" and other examples in Tanzania, Ghana, Mozambique, Ethiopia but also in Senegal.