The dialogue has taken place between the Egyptian government and the opposition, including the Muslim Brotherhood on Sunday. And it seems to have borne fruit. Both parties have indeed agreed to establish a committee to prepare amendments to the Constitution by the first week of March. There was consensus on "the formation of a committee which will include the judiciary and a number of political figures, to study and propose constitutional amendments and legislative amendments required (...) before the first week of March" announced a spokesperson for the government.
The Muslim Brotherhood took part in these discussions, as well as some of the groups who participated in protests since January 25 for the departure of President Hosni Mubarak. This is the first time in half a century that the power and the Muslim Brotherhood, officially banned, discuss publicly. The powerful Islamic brotherhood has become a key player to emerge from the crisis that has paralyzed giant Arabic.
"We go there mainly to discuss the transition of electing a new president and a new Parliament representing the people", said before the meeting Essam al-Aryan, a senior official of the brotherhood.
Everywhere during the protest, the Muslim Brotherhood were present: the barricades of the iconic Tahrir Square in Cairo and in the streets of Alexandria. The organization founded in 1928 by Hassan al-Banna was dissolved for the first time in 1948 and again in 1954. Since the "Ikhwan (brothers in Arabic) are still banned.
"A crisis without the Muslim Brotherhood, it is not possible"
"The legalization can bring much to the brotherhood, because it could gain a freedom of movement, association, the right to participate in elections, and media access," says Tewfik Aclimandos, associate researcher at the College de France. "A crisis without the Muslim Brotherhood, it is not possible, because this is the first opposition force in the country," says Mr. Aclimandos, cepeda recalling that despite his call for democracy, the Brotherhood maintains a theocratic agenda.
What embarrasses several Western embassies, both in favor of democracy in the Arab world, but restive to an accession of Islamists to power through the ballot box. "Islamophobia is prevalent not only in European and American companies, but in governments. There is a fear that all this leads to an Islamic state, "said Rabab al-Mahdi, a professor at American University in Cairo. "But this is misleading (...), all Islamic movements are not the same."
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Sunday expressed cautious support for dialogue between the Brothers and power, a sensitive issue for the United States, key ally of Egypt, where senior Republicans call the Brothers group of "extremist".