The President of the United States, Barack Obama on Tuesday proposed a partial freeze on spending over five years
He also asked Congress to use their imagination by reducing corporate taxes and clearing margins to fund innovation while continuing to reduce the deficit.
For observers, it continues its shift to the center by taking certain measures supported by Republicans who now dominate the Congress.
The discourse on the state of the Union speech to Congress, is the highlight of the year American politics.
Decline in corporate tax "Tonight I call on Democrats and Republicans to simplify the system. Eliminate tax loopholes. Standardize the rules and use the savings to lower the rate of corporation tax for the first time in 25 years, without increasing our deficit, "the president said in his speech policy called his State of the Union.
The maximum rate of corporate tax is currently 35% in the U.S., but many niches allow companies, especially larger ones, reducing their tax liability.
No tax breaks for oil Barack Obama lashed out in particular to "billions of dollars in gifts" tax breaks for oil companies, he has asked elected officials to repeal it altogether. "I do not know if you noticed, but they do very well alone. Instead of subsidizing the energy of the past, investing in the future," said the tenant of the White House.
The savings will allow, he said, to finance technical innovation, particularly in the area of the so-called "clean energy": wind, solar, nuclear, clean coal, and natural gas. Investment in advanced technologies, including energy, will strengthen our security, protect our planet and create countless jobs "in the United States, he said, repeating one of his credos.
"The world has changed" Engaged in an uncompromising analysis of economic realities, Obama has emphasized that many Americans remembered the days before globalization, when it was enough to work hard for a living wage and decent benefits. But "the world has changed, and for many, change has been painful," he said. "The rules have changed. In a generation, revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and are trading," he further noted.
Faced with the rise of new industrial powers like India and China, the U.S. president called on his countrymen not to lose heart, saying that the economy of their country was still the most prosperous in the world. "Yes, the world changed. The battle for jobs is real. But this should not discourage us. This should galvanize us, "the president said, calling his Republican opponents to support investments to" innovate, educate and build better than the rest of the world. "
The withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, Tunisia ... Barack Obama on Tuesday reaffirmed its plan to begin withdrawing U.S. troops from Afghanistan in July. "In tough fights are ahead and the Afghan government will have to implement better governance", however he said.
"We have seen the desire for freedom in Tunisia, where the will of the people was more powerful than the orders of a dictator," he said otherwise. "I want to be clear: the United States stands with the Tunisian people and support the democratic aspirations of all peoples," he added.
He announced that he would for the first time in his tenure in Latin America. "In March, I will visit Brazil, Chile and El Salvador to forge new alliances for progress on the American continent," he said. In Brazil, the U.S. aircraft manufacturer Boeing is competing with the French Dassault and Sweden's Saab to supply fighter jets.
Barack Obama has documented the success of its diplomacy, including the "reprogramming" of relations with Russia, a closer partnership with India and the resumption of efforts to control nuclear proliferation worldwide.
He also referred to Al Qaeda. In his view, the "leaders" and "activists" of the terrorist "outside the battlefield, their sanctuaries are reduced."
Show of unity The time of the traditional discourse on the state of the Union, politicians from all sides of Congress have set aside their divisions. Federal members, senators and representatives and wore a black ribbon and white to their lapels: a black band of mourning symbol, surrounded by two white stripes represent hope. A desire for unity after the aggression against the Democratic Representative Gabby Giffords in a shooting in Tucson (Arizona), who made 6 dead and 14 wounded.
Barack Obama also praised the new chairman of the House Republican John Boehner, visibly moved to occupy for the first time the perch.
Reactions For the opposition, the president of the United States has "presented a plan for preservation of deficits," said the leader of the Republican Party to the Financial Commission of the Senate, Jeff Sessions. For the leader of Republicans in the Senate, freezing government spending over five years (...) is not enough. "
For its part, the bosses said he was "encouraged by the emphasis placed by Obama on American competitiveness."